Star Wars: The Force Awakens First Order is a Black Sun Death Cult


The First Order was created by J.J. Abrams for Star Wars: The Force Awakens. He explained how he came up with the idea in an interview with Empire Online:

“That all came out of conversations about what would have happened if the Nazis all went to Argentina but then started working together again?” Abrams reveals. “What could be born of that? Could The First Order exist as a group that actually admired The Empire? Could the work of The Empire be seen as unfulfilled? And could Vader be a martyr? Could there be a need to see through what didn’t get done?”

Here is their symbol:


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Star Wars: The Force Awakens First Order is a Black Sun Death Cult

The Aeneid and The Odysse

How does Virgil’s Aeneid compare to Homer’s Odyssey? How is it different?


Virgil took a minor character from Homer’s Iliad, Aeneas, and crafted his whole epic poem detailing the founding of Rome around him in the Aeneid. Virgil was writing six- or seven-hundred years later, and for the Romans instead of the Greeks, so of course his story is going to be different. One of the most striking differences to me was how he dealt with fate. Fate is a major element of the Iliad, but in the Odyssey, Homer evolves human interaction with this mysterious force and favors fortune over fate. In a way, Virgil turns the clock back and makes fate a major thing again. This time, however, fate is an even bigger deal, as the gods are even subject to its power.

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The Aeneid and The Odysse

The Epic of Gilgamesh

Where is “Uruk”? Say the name out loud and listen closely. Some things never change, even if the spelling does.

In Gilgamesh, who are Gilgamesh and Enkidu? If they are metaphors for something else, what would that be? What is the nature of their relationship? Are they a Doppelganger? Do they remind you of any other stories from ancient (or modern) literature? If so, which stories?


Uruk is in Southern Iraq, along the Euphrates, which plays an important part in The Epic of Gilgamesh. Reading Gilgamesh, if not for the mention of the Euphrates, one might think Uruk were somewhere other than the Middle East, since the forest plays such an important part in the story, and you do not typically think of forests when you think of Iraq.

Gilgamesh is a boisterous king, two-thirds god, who is very proud of his walled-city of Uruk. Enkidu is a wild beast-man, created by the gods from clay in order to oppose and/or tame Gilgamesh. Enkidu and Gilgamesh end up becoming the best of friends. Then Enkidu dies, which profoundly impacts Gilgamesh, to the point that Gilgamesh grows his hair out and wears wild furs like Enkidu did. I guess in this sense you could consider them doppelgangers, but other than that, I would not say they are. I normally consider a doppelganger to be a double, a duplicate, an exact copy—which Enkidu and Gilgamesh are not. If anything, they are more polar opposites: Gilgamesh being the narcissistic man, and Enkidu being the naturalistic force of nature.

For some reason, while reading of Gilgamesh’s larger-than-life adventures, I sometimes caught myself thinking of Achilles from Homer’s Iliad—specifically Brad Pitt’s portrayal of him in the 2004 movie Troy; which is weird, because I have not seen that movie in years. Beyond that, there was an underlying sense of familiarity with the entire Epic of Gilgamesh, as if I had heard it all before. This is most likely because all of these great stories can probably trace their roots back to the same oral history, so they all share motifs and archetypes. If I were more studied, and if I had more than three days to read over the Epic of Gilgamesh, I might be able to place my finger on all these feelings of familiarity and which stories from ancient and modern literature Gilgamesh reminds me of.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

Goliath by Neil Gaiman


“Goliath” by Neil Gaiman, with art by Bill Sienkiewicz and Gregory Ruth, is from the Matrix Comics collection of short stories set in the Matrix Universe, originally released as webcomics on the series’ official website from 1999 to 2004.


I suppose that I could claim that I had always suspected that the world was a cheap and shoddy sham, a bad cover for something deeper and weirder and infinitely more strange, and that, in some way, I already knew the truth. But I think that’s just how the world has always been. And even now that I know the truth, as you will, my love, if you’re reading this, the world still seems cheap and shoddy. Different world, different shoddy, but that’s how it feels.

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Goliath by Neil Gaiman